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UN number for B100?
Does anyone know the "UN number" for transport of hazardous goods for B100?
Thanks. P
Location: Vancouver | Registered: November 02, 2005Reply With QuoteReport This Post
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B100 is not a hazardous material and doesn't need labelling as such. Are you trying to send to the US?
Registered: February 25, 2010Reply With QuoteReport This Post

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The only time you will need to placard biodiesel is if it is blended with petroleum diesel due to the flash point. D2 flashes at or near 125F whereas B100 flashes at 320F +/- and is therefore not classed as a NazMat/Dangerous Goods.

It is flammable, just like many products are, although will require an ignition source to get it going, such as an open flame ect.


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Location: :-) Great White North eh ? | Registered: December 10, 2004Reply With QuoteReport This Post
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I can't speak about Canadian laws, but in the USA Biodiesel is not considered a hazardous material so no placard is needed. Just as BWilder said.

A little bit more info' about the US placarding requirements might be of interest to you.

Gasoline is classified as a FLAMMABLE material which requires a Red diamond placard marked with the number: 1203.

Diesel fuel is classified as a COMBUSTIBLE material which requires a Red diamond placard marked with the number: 1993.

The European classification for gasoline is a square orange placard with black numbers. The placard is divided into two halves, top and bottom. The top half carries the number: 33. The bottom half is separated from the top with a solid black line and carries the number 1203. The whole placard is outlined with a solid black border.

I don't know the European designation for Diesel fuel.

I doubt there is a European designation for Biodiesel.
Location: Illinois | Registered: February 21, 2006Reply With QuoteReport This Post
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Thanks for in put. So it sounds like BD is not considered a Haz Good. I'm sending drums on a public coastal ferry. Thanks. P
Location: Vancouver | Registered: November 02, 2005Reply With QuoteReport This Post
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If blended with diesel, follow the rules for diesel (Hazmat); including b99.

It is a good idea to label containers anywhere at anytime. Supposing you had an emergency at your car or house? Emergency workers will greatly appreciate clear labels on everything even when it is innocuous.

State laws are sometimes stricter, I only know about DOT currently. Check your state commercial driver handbook and hazmat tables for differences.

If transporting less than 1000 pounds of b100, you are fine. Weight includes all portable containers and packaging (if your tank or tanks together weigh 100 pounds empty, you can only carry 900 pounds of b100 in them even if they hold more). Portable means the container is not permanently attached to the vehicle, a tank for a truck bed for example. But not all local authorities will know all this so labeling _the_packaging_ is a good idea (external vehicle labeling is just asking for red-tape).

Labeling Hazmat on cargo or the transporting vehicle when there is nothing Hazmat is a crime (remove/cover labels when there is no b100). But if the material _is_ever_ Hazmat then it is legal to label it even if weights and amounts requiring labeling are not met (you can legally label an ounce of b100 as Hazmat but are not required too). No CDL (commercial drivers license) is required for transporting less than 1001 pounds of b100 in any non-commercial vehicle.

I'm told some locations have a 500 pound limit (on such materials) instead of 1000 (check you local commercial driver handbook and tables).

If more than 1000 pounds of b100, a CDL/Hazmat driver and Hazmat labeling is required even if the transport vehicle is not a commercial vehicle. Hazmat laws for parking, paperwork, unattended vehicles, emergency numbers, cigarettes, tires, stopping at rails, etc must all be followed as well as all other CDL laws. "Biodiesel", btw, apparently does not make an appearance in any commercial drivers handbook or legal code concerning hauling. In California is it classed as an "Alternative Diesel Fuel" for the purpose of fueling a vehicle without mention of transporting it. Hazmat status of b100 is based purely on it's combustibility.

If you can manage to drive your Beetle with 1001 pounds of b100 on board (or in tow), it becomes a commercial vehicle with Hazmat (modified or a 2004+, this could be a feat of legal wrangling itself Smile

A b100 Hazmat label is a red diamond clearly showing the number "1" and the word "Flammable" on it. Also a flame icon and other languages are required by some locations (also some states now require "Combustible" instead) and the word "Biodiesel" under it or on it (not "b100"). Some states require "Fatty Acid Methyl Ester" instead of "Biodiesel"; don't live there, don't go there. Not all of this is needed everywhere but this all makes completely sure of compliance. An 'official' Hazmat placard assembly or label is not needed. Crayon and chalk labels meet the legal requirements. But again, local authorities may not know this (commercial drivers are sometimes cited then later cleared for hand painted labels). Just make sure it won't come off the package/tank or get damaged during transport; and of course that it is an unambiguous label. Use an attached tag if a label cannot be made to stick reliably.

Biodiesel has no NA/UN number (unless mixed with diesel, then it is 1202 for diesel). This does not
necessarily prevent local authorities from demanding one on the placard. Biodiesel has different CAS numbers depending on it's source (corn, linseed, soy, canola, rapeseed, lard, peanut, animal, cotton, tallow, olive, butter, axle grease, baby, etc). You might try explaining that there is no UN/NA number and stating a "CAS number" when asked (the officer might think of you as knowledgeable enough to go about your business).

If you spill b100, especially on the road, you could end up in a whirlwind of agencies and regulations far beyond the confines of the law. A recycled vegetable oil biodiesel fuel business near my home, for instance, had a tank leak of 10 gallons of b100 and had to close down. He violated no laws but 5 government agencies showed up claiming to have jurisdiction and gave him five different sets of conflicting remedies to continue business. He now just collects oil and ships it to a recycler in southern CA "where they know biodiesel isn't battery acid." he also noted that he was permitted to purposefully dump that much glycerin, alcohol, methanol, and vegetable oil (the "sheen rule" not violated) directly into a stream without consequence from any agency and that "any mixture of these things except the one called biodiesel" could also be legally dumped onto his land.

Other chemicals used in biodiesel manufacture are subject to the 1000 pound limit and have standard (non-transport) labels as well:
"Methyl Alcohol" (not "methanol", full scientific names are required) uses a blue diamond labeled "1", and "Health Hazard" a red diamond labeled "3" and "Flammable"
"Sodium Hydroxide" uses a blue diamond labeled "3", "Health Hazard" and a yellow diamond labeled "1" and "Reactive"
"Sulfuric Acid" uses a blue diamond labeled "3", "Health Hazard" and a yellow diamond labeled "2" and "Reactive"

"Glycerol" is not hazmat. It uses a blue diamond labeled "2", "Health Hazard" and a red diamond labeled "1" and "Flammable"

Wash byproducts are not Hazmat nor required to label but are subject to disposal regulations.

Note, when labeling outside of transport concerns, it is standard to use a diamond shape made of 4 colored diamonds. Red on top, blue down-left, yellow down-right, and white on the bottom. Useful images:
In the case of this label, currently, no colored diamonds are ever left blank. A "0" is used in a color that does not apply ("Methyl Alcohol" uses "0" in the yellow diamond). Only the white diamond on the bottom is left blank if there is no additional indicator for the substance. It is a bad idea to use this style of label externally on a vehicle; it can be unclear from a distance. It is technically illegal, because is shows colors that do not apply (visible blue and yellow diamonds on a vehicle transporting only b100 implies the presence of other Hazmat materials when they are not present). NFPA governs the four diamond style of label updates their standard often. Transportation Hazmat labels and NFPA labels are different standards and external vehicle labeling is one area where they conflict. A blue diamond for Hazmat, for instance, indicates a material that reacts dangerously with water.
Location: State of Jefferson | Registered: October 20, 2018Reply With QuoteReport This Post

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